Spanish Flag

Spanish Flag

 

FLAGS - NATIONS - HISTORY - GEOGRAPHY

The Flag of Spain - Description of the Spanish Flag
  • As the above picture of the Spanish Flag indicates a bi-color Red and Yellow
  • The description of the Spanish Flag is as follows:
    • Three horizontal bands of red (top), yellow (center double width), and red (bottom)
    • The national coat of arms on the hoist side of the yellow band
  • According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions much symbolism is associated with colors. The colors on the Spanish flag represent the following:
    • Yellow - a symbol of generosity
    • Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour
  • The basic style shown in the picture of the Spanish flag is described as Emblem - reflecting the design
 

 
 
  • All Flag pictures depict flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Spanish flag is described as 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )
  • The left half of the flag ( viewer's left side ) is called the Hoist and pictures the Spanish Coat of Arms
  • The right half of the flag is called the Fly
  • The Meaning & History of the Spanish Flag - The Spanish coat of arms includes the royal seal framed by the Pillars of Hercules, which are the two promontories (Gibraltar and Ceuta) on either
    side of the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar
  • The Spanish flag was adopted on December 19, 1981
 

Canton - Flag Terminology

Flag Terminology - Did you Know ?
  • The design and description uses specific flag terminology based on Heraldic principles
  • Animal blazons should always appear with the heads facing the flag - staff side
  • The Study of the Flags is called Vexillology
  • Your interest in flags makes you a Vexillologist!
  • Increase your knowledge - Play the Flag Quiz
 
 
Terminology & Etiquette in Spanish Flag display
  • Hoist - the act or function of raising the Spanish flag, as on a rope
  • Half Staff or Half Mast - the Spanish flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole to denote grief and mourning
    • Performed by first raising the Spanish flag to the top, then lowering the Spanish Flag halfway
  • Distress - denoted by flying the Spanish flag upside-down
  • Manner of hoisting - The Spanish flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously
  • No disrespect should be shown to the Spanish flag
  • The Spanish flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way
  • The Spanish flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature
  • The Spanish flag should be hoisted first and lowered last
  • International Flag relating to Spanish Flag usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace
  • We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding Spanish Flag Etiquette has provided a useful resource
 
Flag History & Evolution:
  • The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield
  • Shields were painted with emblems to identify Friend or Foe
  • Warriors needed to know where their leaders were - the custom of carrying a pole was adopted
  • An emblem such as a shield, animal or religious device was attached to the pole for identification
  • The emblems were also used for identity and to cover suits of armour - Coats of Arms  were born
  • These emblems were the forerunners of modern flags
  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed
  • The strict rules of Heraldry are still used when designing an emblem and creating anew flag
 
 
Spanish Flag Etiquette
  • Spanish Flag etiquette is very strict and is is essential that Flag protocols and rules are followed correctly
  • Basic Flag Etiquette applies to all nations, including Spanish as follows:
  • Etiquette relating to the order of precedence for the flag
    • National Flag of Spanish
    • State Flag of Spanish
    • Military Flag of Spanish (in order of creation date)
    • Other Flag of Spanish
  • The United Nations uses alphabetical order when presenting a national flag including the Spanish Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag
  • The National flag of Spanish should never be flown above another national flag on the same staff as this would suggest superiority, or conversely, inferiority of one flag, or Nation, over another
  • The Spanish flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground
  • A tattered or faded flag of Spanish should be removed and replaced with a new flag
  • Due care and consideration must be taken to ensure that the Spanish flag is always flown the correct way up
  • A Flag of Spanish, when in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem of display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning in private with all due care and respect
 

National Flags of the World Map

Spain

Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering
the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea,
North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France

 
 

Spain

  • Spanish Land Size : 499,542 sq km
  • Climate / Weather of Spain : temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast
  • Spanish Population : 40,280,780 (July 2004 est.)
  • Spanish Capital City: Madrid
  • Spanish GDP: $885.5 billion (2003 est.)
  • Spanish Main Industries : textiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism
  • Spanish Agricultural products : grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish
  • Spanish Currency : euro (EUR)
  • Main Colors of the Spanish Flag : Red and Yellow
 
The Celts and Ancient Austrian History
  • Bronze and Iron Age - The emergence of the Celts across Europe
  • 400BC - By this time the ancient culture of the Celts had settled in many European countries including Austria, Britain, France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Western Germany, Northern Spain, Turkey and Hungary
  • The Celts were people from various tribes and were called Galli by the Romans and Galatai or Keltoi by the Greeks. These terms all had one meaning in common - barbarian
  • It is from the greek Keltoi that Celt is derived
  • Despite the name of Barbarian the Celtic society was based almost entirely on pastoralism and the raising of cattle or sheep
  • 15 BC The Romans had begun to extend their empire. Gallia (in English Gaul) is the Roman name for the region of Europe occupied by the Celts. The word Gaul commonly refers to a Celt inhabitant of that region in ancient times
 
 
  • 224 - 220 BC - Rome conquered the Celts
  • 390 BC - The Celts sacked Rome
  • 280 BC - The Celts sacked many Greek cities
  • 390 BC - The Celts sacked Rome
  • 50-100AD - The spread of Christianity
  • 476 AD The Roman Empire collapsed
  • Middle Ages - Various different cultures emerged in the lands of the Celts and the history of each country changed accordingly
  • The above information provides a concise background to the Ancient Spanish civilisations
Concise History of Spain & its Flag
  • 573AD  The Visigoths conquered Spain
  • 711 Muslims from northern Africa invaded Spain displacing the Goths
  • 1094 El Cid, a Castilian Christian, fought the Moors and conquered Valencia
  • 1100s Portugal gained its independence
  • 1200s The Muslim territory had been reduced to the Kingdom of Granada
  • 1200's The Christian territory controlled the Kingdoms of Aragon, Navarre, and Castile
  • 1469 The marriage of Prince Ferdinand of Aragon and Princess Isabella of Castille
  • 1474 Isabella became Queen of Castile
 
  • 1479 Ferdinand became King of Aragon
  • 1480 The Spanish Inquisition was established
  • 1492 The Muslims of Granada were defeated
  • 1492 Christopher Columbus voyage to America was financed by the King and Queen
  • 1494 Spain and Portugal claimed the lands of the New World
  • 1513 Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed Central America
  • 1516 Charles I became Spanish king and extended the Spanish Empire to include Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg
  • 1519 Charles I became the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
  • 1521 Hernando Cortes conquered the Mexican Aztecs
  • 1533 Francisco Pizarro conquered the South American Inca empire
  • 1588 Philip launched the Spanish Armada which the English defeated
  • 1714 The War of the Spanish Succession ended when Spain lost all of its European empire
  • 1763 Spain lost Florida to the United Kingdom
 
 
  • 1808 French forces led by Napoleon conquered Spain but the Spanish regained control in 1814
  • 17 July 1821 Spain ceded Florida to the United States
  • 1898 The Spanish were defeated in the Spanish - American War . Cuba was given its independence and Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico were given to the United States
  • 1914-1918 World War I - Spain remained neutral
  • April 1931 The Spaniards voted for a republican form of Spanish government
  • 1936 General Francisco Franco became the leader of the rebels and civil war ensued
  • 1939-1945 World War II - Spain remained neutral
  • 1969 Franco declared that Prince Juan Carlos would become the next king of Spain
  • 1975 Franco died and Juan Carlos became king
The Spanish Flag and Nation

We hope that the presentation of facts and information regarding the Spanish Flag and Country has provided a useful educational resource. To improve your knowledge of Flags and Vexillology still further check out the Flags and Nations Index and test your knowledge with our interactive, multi-choice, picture-based Flag Trivia Quiz Game - it's fast and it's fun!

 

Spanish Flag

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